Some of the first biological evidence of the incongruence transgender individuals experience, because their brain indicates they are one sex and their body another, may have been found in estrogen receptor pathways in the brain of 30 transgender individuals. Basically -- and perhaps counterintuitively -- these genes are primarily involved in estrogen's critical sprinkling of the brain right before or after birth, which is essential to masculinization of the brain. Variants investigators identified may mean that in natal males people whose birth sex is male this critical estrogen exposure doesn't happen or the pathway is altered so the brain does not get masculinized. In natal females, it may mean that estrogen exposure happens when it normally wouldn't, leading to masculinization.
Creating a Trans-Inclusive Workplace
TENI – Transgender Equality Network Ireland
Transgender Day of Remembrance TDOR , is an annual observance on November 20 that honors the memory of the transgender people whose lives were lost in acts of anti-transgender violence that year. Read more about Transgender Awareness Week and the Transgender Day of Remembrance below, and find out how you can participate. Transgender Awareness Week is a week when transgender people and their allies take action to bring attention to the community by educating the public about who transgender people are, sharing stories and experiences, and advancing advocacy around the issues of prejudice, discrimination, and violence that affect the transgender community. The vigil commemorated all the transgender people lost to violence that year and began an important memorial that has become the annual Transgender Day of Remembrance. Participate in TDOR by attending or organizing a vigil on November 20 to honor all those whose lives were lost to anti-transgender violence that year. Vigils are typically hosted by local transgender advocates or LGBTQ organizations, and held at community centers, parks, places of worship and other venues.
International Transgender Day of Visibility
International Transgender Day of Visibility also called TDOV, Transgender Day of Visibility is an annual event occurring on March 31   dedicated to celebrating transgender people and raising awareness of discrimination faced by transgender people worldwide, as well as a celebration of their contributions to society. The day was founded by transgender activist  Rachel Crandall of Michigan in  as a reaction to the lack of LGBT recognition of transgender people, citing the frustration that the only well-known transgender-centered day was the Transgender Day of Remembrance , which mourned the murders of transgender people, but did not acknowledge and celebrate living members of the transgender community. It has since been spearheaded by the U. In , the day was observed by activists across the world — including in Ireland  and in Scotland.
Despite growing public awareness of the struggles that trans individuals often face, many employers remain ill-equipped to create policies and workplace cultures that support their trans employees. Fortunately, a growing body of research suggests how they can more effectively attract, retain, and promote the health and success of these workers. Interviews with and surveys of more than 1, trans people over the past six years reveal four key areas of intervention that can cultivate a more trans-inclusive workplace: 1 basic signs of trans inclusivity involving bathroom use, dress codes, and pronouns; 2 effective support for gender transitions; 3 trans-specific diversity trainings; and 4 interventions to build resiliency. Despite a growing global awareness of these struggles, many employers remain ill-equipped to develop policies and workplace cultures that support trans employees. Research and interviews or surveys of more than 1, trans people suggest four things companies can do: adopt basic practices of trans inclusivity involving bathroom use, dress codes, and pronouns; support gender transitions; develop trans-specific diversity trainings; and utilize resiliency interventions.